At 18 months, your toddler should be moving around very well, perhaps even running. The stairs suddenly seem like the most fascinating part of the house. It’s a good idea to make sure that they are blocked off with gates.
You may notice that your eighteen-month-old appears frustrated more often than in previous months. Children at this age aspire to do everything that they see others do. When their aspirations sometimes fall short, they get frustrated and upset. You may even witness a tantrum. Because they are still infants, they can do it up big. They may cry hysterically, kick, bite, break toys, etc.
What can you do for your child? First, show that you understand. Be patient. Try not to get too frustrated or angry. Try a gentle but firm hug so that your child feels your calm body and can mimic that behavior. Retreat when necessary. If your child lies down in the revolving door of the department store; give up your shopping trip and try another day. Many tantrums can be avoided by making sure your child isn’t hungry, tired, or overstimulated.
Do not let your child hurt himself, you or others. Change the subject and direction. Distraction at this age is a huge help. Talk to your child a lot. Frequently read to your toddler. Sing songs. Laugh. These techniques will often help your child move away from their tantrum and on to something else.